Trucks are complex vehicles, so it takes a lot of time and precision to build a truck body. Many of the tasks that are performed by trucks cannot be done using cars and bikes. Carrying furniture, cargo, and heavy materials such as steel rods and frames are just a few examples. There is much more to it.
If the transportation through trucks is to be stopped for a day, the industries that will be affected the most are food, healthcare, and transportation, which will be accompanied by a drastic fall in the economy. An estimate of 15.5 million trucks operate in the US alone, and there are approximately 3.5 million truck drivers.
The history of trucks dates back to the early 1800s. Since then, there have been various innovations and alternations in the size, models, interior and exterior of trucks. Trucks are vehicles that are used to transport goods and cargo from one place to another. Since their invention, carrying around heavyweight goods and cargo has become much easier and simpler. Dozens of companies rely on trucks for their everyday jobs.
There is no doubt that a good, well-equipped truck saves a lot of time and trouble that organizations may face. In the present day, trucks have become an absolute necessity just like cars.
Trucks are usually larger, heavier and more powerful than cars and wagons and have sufficient storage spaces with much more powerful engines.
There are different varieties of trucks available that are used for different purposes and jobs. The main categories that trucks can be divided into are small trucks (or more commonly known as mini trucks), light trucks, medium trucks and heavy trucks.
Heavy truck drivers require a commercial driver’s license to drive. Light and medium trucks run on petrol, whereas heavy trucks run on diesel. Some trucks have different compartments that are used to carry around tools and equipment. Since these trucks are usually used more roughly as compared to cars and buses, their maintenance also requires more work.
Most of the trucks appear to be of the same kind and build, but every truck belongs to a specific category and is different from others in size and external and internal features. Therefore, it’s important that you know about the different types of trucks and the differences between their main features so that you can differentiate between their kinds. This article will guide you on the differences between the most common trucks, that is, a utility truck, delivery truck and service truck.
Difference Between Utility Trucks, Delivery Trucks, and Service Trucks
Below are a few features and tasks that make utility, delivery and service trucks different from each other:
Utility trucks are a very common vehicle and are mostly used by utility industries. A utility vehicle, by definition, is a vehicle that is built to do a particular errand with more adequacy than a common transport vehicle. Utility trucks are light trucks that are bigger in size than mini trucks but smaller than heavy and medium trucks. Lightweight trucks can weigh from 0 to 14000 pounds according to the US truck class. These trucks are also known as pickup trucks.
A utility transport vehicle is utilized for carrier services and recreational exercises. Utility trucks can be used to perform various jobs. Therefore, fleets of utility trucks are usually owned by big companies and industries. These trucks can also be used to tow other vehicles since they have powerful engines. Utility trucks are also suitable for rough terrain activities. The bodies of trucks are built using aluminum, fiberglass, or composite materials.
Such a truck is usually used to carry small or medium-sized cargo that can fit in its cargo compartment also known as utility bed, which is at least 7-8 feet long and is situated at the back of the truck. Utility beds have settled side dividers and a pivoted rear end.
The truck has four wheels and is either a two-seater or four-seater vehicle combined with two front compartment doors, a windshield, and back open utility bed that is used to load and carries goods and cargo.
Many utility trucks have various small drawers and compartments attached to both sides of the cargo compartment on the back that can be used to store tools and other equipment. Utility trucks are smaller and lighter as compared to delivery trucks and service trucks and are not enclosed with a roof like delivery trucks are. Utility trucks have strong frames and, therefore, can withstand more hazardous conditions as compared to cars and light trucks.
Pros of Utility Trucks
- Can be used for off-road activities
- Good towing capability
Cons of Utility Trucks
- Open compartment on the back leaves the goods unprotected and vulnerable
- Utility trucks tend to chug gas, whether they’re stacked or not
- Provides limited space for cargo
- Old utility trucks can wobble if the back compartment is not balanced with weight
One of the most common types of office trucks you see on the road every day is delivery trucks. Delivery trucks were first introduced in the 1930s, and since then, they have been widely in use. As organizations and industries are growing, so is the need for vehicles that can distribute their merchandise. Delivery trucks are office trucks and are widely used to deliver goods, merchandise, and other delivery items from one place to another. Most delivery trucks have a logo of the companies they belong to.
Almost every big company, organization, and office owns at least one delivery truck that delivers their products to their consumers. Many companies even own fleets of delivery trucks to ensure their products are delivered on time. Consumers these days prefer their bought goods to be delivered to their doorsteps on time, so owning an office truck has become an absolute necessity for companies.
Delivery trucks can be classified as medium trucks. Medium trucks weigh from 14000 pounds to 19000 pounds according to the US truck class. Delivery trucks are comparatively bigger and heavier than cars and wagons.
These trucks have four wheels, two front seats, a driving compartment attached to a windshield and two doors on each side of the front seat. The front driving compartment is attached to a huge enclosed compartment on the back where the goods and cargo are stored for delivery. Unlike utility trucks, delivery trucks have an enclosed compartment at the back where goods and merchandise can be stored and kept safe until they are delivered to the required location. Delivery trucks are usually bigger as compared to utility trucks but smaller than service trucks.
Pros of Delivery Trucks
- Closed compartment, so goods are safe from weather hazards and the possibility of theft
- Maintenance is relatively cheaper as compared to service trucks
- Provides door-to-door service
Cons of Delivery Trucks
- Comparatively expensive
- Limited space for cargo
- Can be affected by weather hazards and condition of the road
- Less maneuverability
Service trucks are categorized as a commercial vehicle. A commercial vehicle is any engine vehicle utilized for transporting merchandise or paying travelers. Many American businesses characterize a “service engine vehicle” as any mechanized street vehicle that is intended for and fit for transporting due to its development and hardware. The service industry mostly used service trucks. This industry consists of companies and business that work for a client and provide merchandise yet are not engaged with assembling the goods.
These trucks are owned by industries such as mining industries, contractual exchange workers, mechanical administration, highway support, rail industry, and civil utility. They are needed to keep our electricity on, our digital TV working, our water streaming and our web working.
Service industry trucks have different compartments that are specially built for carrying different tools and instruments. These trucks are much larger and heavier as compared to utility and delivery trucks. Therefore, they have more powerful engines and bodies.
Since service trucks are expensive to buy, many service industries and companies prefer to buy used service trucks. Used trucks provide the same efficiency but at a relatively lower price as compared to a new one.
These trucks are heavy trucks and can weigh from 26000 pounds to 33000 pounds or heavier depending on the type of work it requires. For example, dump trucks, garbage trucks or car carrier trucks will have varying weight to accommodate the work-load each will require. Most service trucks run on diesel rather than petrol. Moreover, these trucks perform heavier work-load, they consume more fuel compared to other personal trucks and individual transport pick-up trucks because the gross vehicle weight (GVW) is larger than typical consumer trucks. They can also work in rough and challenging conditions.
Most such trucks have much more features as compared to small and medium-sized trucks. These trucks are 4 to 6 wheelers, depending on the size of the truck, and have two to maximum four front seats. The front seats are attached to a heavy, quality windshield. Service trucks have various small compartments and tool bins attached to each side of the truck that is used to store tools for maintenance. Unlike utility trucks and delivery trucks, service trucks have ladders that can extend to minimum 20 feet and safety cranes along with lift arms attached to the back compartment of the truck that can be used to lift or shift heavy objects from one place to another.
Pros of Service Trucks
- More powerful engines
- They offer a smooth drive
- Can be driven by weather hazards
- Their cranes can lift items that are out of man’s reach
- They consist of storage boxes and tool bins that are custom built
Cons of Service Trucks
- Expensive to buy
- Require high maintenance
- Difficult to manage
- Fuel consumption is high
What Utility Trucks, Delivery Trucks, and Service Trucks Differ In?
- All three trucks are different in size in both the interior and exterior.
- All three trucks have different weights.
- The durability of all trucks differs as mentioned above.
- The space for cargo differs as detailed above.
- Features provided for each truck are different.
- Maintenance price and buying price of each truck are different.
- Fuel consumption is different.
- There is a difference in engine power.
- The towing capability differs.
- The ability to cope with different road conditions and weather conditions is different.
- There’s a difference in the engine some are diesel, Natural gas or just traditional gas vehicles.
Trucks have now been around for a long time, and as time is passing, newer and better features are being incorporated into every category of the truck. The designs keep getting better and bigger with every new model and passing year. As compared to other simpler vehicles such as cars, trucks generally have better performance capabilities and are less affected by rough tasks and road conditions. The bodies of trucks are built so that they can withstand strong blows and do multiple tasks at a time.
Every company and industry require a particular kind of truck depending on the workload that has to be done using trucks. Many companies even own fleets of trucks.
Service trucks are mostly used for heavy-duty work such as the maintenance of railways, airports and mining areas, whereas delivery trucks and utility trucks are mainly used to deliver cargo and perform simpler jobs.
Although many similar features are found in all three trucks, some dynamic features are different. For example, one category of trucks have a better storage capacity, whereas the other does not have a good storage capacity such as flatbed, but has a more powerful engine and tow capability. Since all features cannot be incorporated into a single vehicle, each one has been built for a different and specific job.